Data set creator(s): Mark Losleben
For data content questions, contact Niwot LTER data manager
For methodology questions, contact Jennifer Morse
INSTAAR, University of Colorado
1560 30th St., UCB 450
Boulder, CO 80309-0450
Search tips: Core Area, Discipline, Site, Variable, Investigator, Year, etc.
1. Use our data freely. All Niwot LTER data products (except some recent data sets for which metadata but not data are available) are released to the public and may be freely copied, distributed, edited, remixed, and built upon under the condition that you provide acknowledgement as described below.
2. Give proper acknowledgement. Publications, models and data products that make use of these data sets must include proper acknowledgement, including citing data sets in a similar way to citing a journal article. See http://www.datacite.org/whycitedata). The following acknowledgment should accompany any publication or citation of these data: Logistical support and/or data were provided by the NSF supported Niwot Ridge Long-Term Ecological Research project and the University of Colorado Mountain Research Station
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Temperature data have been collected on a daily time scale from the C1 climate station (3018 m) since 1952. Over time various circumstances have led to days with missing values. Some missing values were estimated from redundant sensors and nearby climate stations using various methods. Greenland 1987 was a basis for this methodology; however when it was not possible to use this methodology, new methods were developed.
Study site was C1 climate station (3018 m).
1952-10-1 to ongoing
maximum air temperature, minimum air temperature, mean air temperature
Elevation: 3048 m
Niwot Ridge (USFS - UNESCO Biosphere Reserve)
Located in: USFS - UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
(Click to learn more about these locations)
More data from: C1
Core Data Set: No
Award Or Grant: DEB1027341, DEB1637686
Missing dates from the Niwot Ridge data set were determined that crossed month or year boundaries for data up to 2008. When such missing dates were found, adjacent sites where data were present were identified based on a pre-determined hierarchy (see below).
Niwot Data Files used in compilation of summary:
1 Climate Report Data --->
2 Chart Recorder Temperature data --->
3 DP211 data --->
(Method Flag 1) Regression Methodology:
A regression was performed using the chart recorder data at the missing site and the adjacent site using a 14 day window prior to and after the missing day, the regression equation was applied to the value at the known site to determine the value for filling the missing site. A r^2 value above 0.6 were considered acceptable. If the r^2 was below 0.6, or missing, a Standard Deviation Method was used to fill the missing value (see Method Flag 2).
(Method Flag 2) Standard Deviation Methodology:
Ratios of known site values and standard deviations were used in order to determine the replacement values. The standard deviation was taken for the day (mm/dd) in question throughout the climate record at both the known site and the unknown site and applied as follows:
# Known Site Date Value (yyyy-mm-dd) (x)
# ______________________________________________ : __________________________________________________
# Std. Dev. of the day (mm-dd) at the known site Std. Dev. of the day (mm-dd) at the unknown site
Temperature data adjacency hierarchy (if value missing from charts):
(1) Dp211 Data Logger
(2) Cr21x Data Logger
(3) Saddle (SDL) Chart Recorder
(4) D1 Chart Recorder
(5) Allenspark (AP)
(6) Longmont (LNG)
(7) Berthoud (BTD)
2012-06-20 to 2016-06-25 High = 29 deg., low = 1 deg.; clock stopped
2013-06-17 Slow clock; max = 18, min = -2
2013-07-06 Clock stopped; max = 20, min = 4
2013-07-15 Clock stopped; max = 19, min = 0
2013-12-16 Pen fell off
2014-07-15 Hygrothermograph clock broken; no data 07-15 to 10-14
2014-10-14 Measurement taken with new Lambrecht hygrothermograph
2014-11-25 No data 11-25 to 12-01; pen not placed on chart
2015-01-08 1/09-1/13 max = 2, min = -15
2015-01-09 Clock not wound
2015-01-10 Clock not wound
2015-01-11 Clock not wound
2015-01-12 Clock not wound
2015-02-03 Pen stuck
2015-03-13 Drum was not wound all the way; max min 2015-03-13 to 2015-03-17 = 16/-14
2015-03-14 Drum was not wound all the way
2015-03-15 Drum was not wound all the way
2015-03-16 Drum was not wound all the way
2015-03-17 Drum was not wound all the way
2015-06-12 Forgot to wind clock; max min 6/12-6/15 = 19/1
2015-06-13 Forgot to wind clock; max min 6/12-6/15 = 19/1
2015-06-14 Forgot to wind clock; max min 6/12-6/15 = 19/1
2015-06-15 Forgot to wind clock; max min 6/12-6/15 = 19/1
2015-07-21 Missing from 1215 mst through rest of day
2015-07-28 Missing from 1245 mst through rest of day
2015-08-05 Pen not engaged
2015-11-07 Line too faint
2015-11-08 Line too faint
2015-11-09 Line too faint
2015-11-21 Line too faint
2015-11-22 Line too faint
2015-11-23 Line too faint
No infilling was necessary for 2009 data.
No infilling for 2010 to 2016 data was performed.
climate, weather, meteorology, climatology, air temperature, c1, infilling, chart recorder, Niwot Ridge LTER, NWT, sensor data, long term
COL1. label=LTER_site, type=string, units=none, missing value indicator=NaN, minimum=NWT, maximum=NWT, precision=, definition=Niwot Ridge Long Term Ecological Research site
COL2. label=local_site, type=string, units=none, missing value indicator=NaN, minimum=c1, maximum=c1, precision=, definition=c1 site
COL3. label=date, type=string, units=none, missing value indicator=NaN, minimum=1952-10-01, maximum=, precision=, definition=date (yyyy-mm-dd)
COL4. label=max_temp, type=real, units=celsius, missing value indicator=NaN, minimum=, maximum=, precision=, definition=maximum air temperature
COL5. label=maxtemp_flag, type=integer, units=none, missing value indicator=NaN, minimum=, maximum=, precision=1, definition=maximum air temperature infilling method flag
COL6. label=min_temp, type=real, units=celsius, missing value indicator=NaN, minimum=, maximum=, precision=, definition=minimum air temperature
COL7. label=mintemp_flag, type=integer, units=none, missing value indicator=NaN, minimum=, maximum=, precision=1, definition=minimum air temperature infilling method flag
COL8. label=mean_temp, type=real, units=celsius, missing value indicator=NaN, minimum=, maximum=, precision=, definition=mean air temperature
*Note: To ask a question about data content, please contact the data manager HERE
To ask a question about methodology, please contact Jennifer Morse,
Greenland, D.E. 1987. The climate of Niwot Ridge. University of Colorado Long-Term Ecological Research Data Report 87/7.
The initial iteration of this file was generated by Todd Ackerman over the course of March - November 2006. The file was put under sccs control on 15 November 2006.[TMA 15 November 2006] 2005 and 2006 data were appended.[TMA 21 February 2007] 2007 data were appended.[TMA 19 March 2008] 2008 data were appended.[TMA 9 February 2009] 2009 data were appended.[HCH 3 September 2010] 2010 data were appended.[HCH 12 December 2011] 2011 and 2012 data were appended; title, keywords, comments, and cols were edited. Dates were changed to yyyy-mm-dd and missing values to NaN.[HCH 30 June 2013] Data for 2013 and 2014 were appended. Meta data text was updated for column labels and definitions.[HCH 15 May 2015] Temperature units changed to celsius.[HCH 27 April 2017] Data for 2015 and 2016 were appended along with chart notes (no notes for 2016). LTER site and local site columns were added.[HCH 23 October 2017]
Losleben, Mark. 2018. Air temperature data for C1 chart recorder from 1952-10-1 to ongoing, daily. http://niwot.colorado.edu
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Cooperative Agreement #DEB-1637686. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in the material are those of the author(s) and do not necesarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
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